Warming of the climate is evident and since 1950s its changes are unprecedented for the last million years. Atmosphere and ocean have warmed, ice and snow cover has decreased and the sea level has risen. Anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases have increased compared to the previous industrial period and at present are higher than ever before, caused mainly by demographic and economic growth
The South Caucasus Region encompasses southern flanks of the Greater Caucasus and lowlands, representing the boundary between Regions of Europe and Asia. From the north it is limited by the Greater Caucasus Ridge, from the south- by the Turkish and Armenian border, from the west- by the Black Sea and from the east- by the Caspian Sea. There are undeniable signs of current warming, going on for the last century in the South Caucasus Region.
Georgia is taking active steps for the mitigation of climate change and its impact. These include both the reduction of GHG emissions and the adaptation to climate change. Georgia is non- Annex I member country to the UNFCCC and hence, for the time being it has no quantitative commitments to reduce GHG emissions from its territory. However, country has submitted its INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution) and joined the Paris Agreement.